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斯坦·李的《比生活更伟大的哈克斯特对话》

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He became the public face of a company,but he started as a wild writer

Photo by Michael Buckner / Getty Images for Samsung

“让毗湿奴的蒸汽把你从人的视线中驱赶出来吧!Let the mystic Hosts of Hoggoth prevent you from ever returning again!"

你以前可能没有读过那些不朽的诗句,but superhero comics fans can probably instantly identify the author.Stan Lee,谁died yesterday at age 95,wrote like no one before him — or,尽管他的影响很大,从那时起就有人了。

虽然他最初以漫画作家的身份出名,李明博的作品可能是他事业和遗产中最不出名的部分。他主要被称为《蜘蛛侠》等成功人物的共同创造者,Hulk托尔神奇四侠,even though he probably hadless input into them than his collaborating artists,史蒂夫Ditko和杰克科比。Lee was also known for acting as the publisher and public face of Marvel after 1971,a role that led naturally to hisnumerous cameos在巨大成功的奇迹电影中。He became virtually an iconic property himself,best known as a kind of art,rather than as an artist.

But he was a remarkable artist,同样,虽然很奇怪。Lee帮助开发的Marvel方法是一个协作过程,在这本书里,像柯比和迪斯科这样的艺术家会把一个松散的故事理念变成铅笔画。然后,Lee would fill in the dialogue boxes.As a result,Lee's words weren't exactly necessary to the story;相反,它们的功能是混合半冗余的解释和夸张的花丝。

图片:惊奇漫画

Lee is perhaps most famous for his use of the third person;his monsters and supervillains were constantly shouting their own names: "None can escape Kraa!Now shall you pay the price for defying my will!" "Never again will mortal eyes gaze upon the hideous countenance of Victor Von Doom!" And of course,most famously of all,"Hulk smash!" All of Lee's larger-than-life figures were obsessed with self-branding.

Excessive self-promotion was a charge often leveled at Lee,and part of the greatness of his dialogue was the way it so transparently grasped for enormity.Ditko and Kirby reveled in larger-than-life images,characters,settings,and conflicts.李的对话,nestled there beside some of the greatest comics images ever created,一点也不让人吃惊。但他让读者知道他是eagerto astound them,他喜欢惊吓他们,that he was right there in ALL CAPS,smashing and defying and ladling on the exclamation points and the melodrama.(总有一天我会带他们去看!金莎平台官网< > Someday they'll be sorry!") Lee's dialogue wasn't so much self-aware as it was resolutely,断然地, un-self-aware.It grabbed every polysyllabic word and ambient alliteration available and turned it up to 12.金莎平台官网他还能和灾难性的柯比·克拉克或傻子迪特科·布罗丁纳根竞争吗?

The amazing apogee of Lee's art was probably the reams of fanciful balderdash he wrote as a complement to Ditko's cosmic acid-scapes in their classic collaboration on the original Dr.Strange comics in the 1960s.Ditko想象了奇怪的神秘冒险,在一股低俗的杰克逊·波洛克半抽象的图案和线条围绕着奇怪的火头恶魔和不可思议的头饰。Lee,与此同时,jumped into the mumbo-jumbo with both feet and a collection of other appendages as well.

图片:惊奇漫画

His Dr.Strange writing featured the usual exclamation points and bombast,but on top of that,he ladled nonsense words and phrases that were half H.P.Lovecraft,半博士Seuss。“霍格哥特所有的嘶哑军队,I command thee,awesome Agamatto,让你所有的目光都在我面前睁开!邪恶的西拉斐姆对我没有恐惧,恶魔!只要永恒的毗湿提的力量是我的命令!”甚至平民也会被困在艾尔德里奇河的暗流中。在一个面板中,Dr.奇怪的星体形态穿过飞机,and a passenger asks his companion,"Did you just feel a cold unearthly sensation — like a chill wind wafting by?" His seatmate prosaically responds,“为什么?The plane must be drafty!"

这种咯咯笑的搭配并不是一个缺陷;they're a feature.Lee's most memorable speech bubbles totter on the edge between speech,诗歌,and outright doggerel.It's Shakespeare,it's an advertising jingle,这是一些黑暗和卑鄙的咒语。Most of all,它充满了卡尼的纯粹的快乐,在他的能力,哇,astonish,and entertain.

图片:惊奇漫画

Lee's carny gimmick was transparently a schtick,but that's part of the fun.He never stopped trying to wow his audience,secure in the knowledge that we're eager to be wowed."I,the dread Dormammu,shall feed you endless mystic power as you need it!" Lee bellowed.这是真的。还有迪斯科和柯比,he kept the crank turning,and those gloriously bombastic words kept sprawling out beside those even more gloriously bombastic images.Lee largely moved on from writing long ago,but in appreciating his contributions to comics and the importance of his history,it's worth revisiting his old speech bubbles,where,in spite of time's tumultuous turning,the mystic energy still flows as endlessly as ever.